shutterstock_168092336_lr2_edited_edited

 

Resources

  • YouTube
  • TikTok
  • Instagram
  • Twitter
  • Facebook

Find more information for all  target groups of the COP Guidelines below. 

Browse through websites, research and publications, projects and data relevant for children, parents and educators, policy-makers and industry. 

Resources for children
cop guidelines9.jpg

Story book

Additional resources for children

 

BBC 

BBC Own it App, 2019

The Own It app and keyboard lets children: get advice whenever they type, track their feelings, win badges as they reflect, find help when they need it and take quizzes to learn more about themselves. 

Child Online Africa 

An introduction to Digital Literacy and skills, 2019

This book aims to facilitate and guide the delivery of the competencies required by learners in the 21st century. This book is intended to help access and improve the general conversation about digital literacy and citizenship. 

 

The 4Rs of online safety – Together for a better Internet, 2019

 

Council of Europe 

Internet Literacy Handbook, 2017

This Handbook offers that knowledge set using language that is straightforward and easy to digest. This is not a brand-new publication, but a constantly evolving set of handy tips on how to get to grips with nowadays’ ever-increasing flow of information. The contents of the Handbook are equally clearly laid out online, thanks also to the winning graphics, so that the sections can be presented to groups in classrooms or community centers. In this way, it can be used as a tool for training purposes, and for all age-groups. 

 

Website, 2018

Council of Europe webpage on children’s rights and the digital environment. 

 

Digital Citizenship Education Handbook, 2019

The online world does present challenges to democratic citizenship in a new context and this Digital citizenship education handbook is designed to help educators and other interested adults understand and deal with them. 

 

DQ Institute 

 

Child Online Safety Index 2020

The 2020 Child Online Safety Index reports on a survey of child online safety across 30 countries. As well as showing areas of strength and weakness across the 30 countries this report also provides guidance on how to improve online safety for children.  

#DQEveryChild Covid19 Emergency Response Fund, 2020

The #DQEveryChild Covid19 provides information on how to support children with access to Child Digital Readiness Kit. This kit enables children to acquire Digital Citizenship skills during periods of school shutdown and increased unsupervised digital use. 

Australian e-Safety Commissioner

 

e-Safety for kids

Interactive child friendly platform for children in Australia and beyond to learn about online rights and online safety, the role of the Australian e-safety Commissioner and to reach out for help related to online risks and harms. 

 

Love146 

Five tips to stay safe online for children, 2020

Five tips to stay safe online for children: each one include a GIF and a short explanation 

 

Parent Zone 

Factfindr, 2020 

Factfindr offers young people all over the world insights, information and support on all kinds of topics that are amplified online. Voices of young people and expert commentary combine to offer new ways of addressing issues ranging from sleep and exam stress to consent and mental health issues. Young people start and lead conversations that draw on the know-how of experts. 

 

 

Parent Zone International/Telenor 

Digiword, 2018 

Digiworld is a curriculum designed to help children, aged between 5 and 16, to develop the knowledge and skills they need to navigate the online world in a safer and more enjoyable way. 
 
Fun online quizzes, a library full of challenges and downloadable worksheets allow children to explore at their own pace and progress through different levels depending on their age, experience and ability. Certificates are awarded at each level to enable children to demonstrate their new understanding and to recognize their achievements. 

 

 

UK Safer Internet Centre 

Social Media Guides, 2020 

Find out more about the safety features available on the popular social media networks.

Youth and Media, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Digital Citizenship+ (Plus) Resource Platform (DCPR) 

The Platform hosts an evolving collection of free learning activities co-designed with other youth. Based on young people’s inputs and feedback, some of these activities are grouped:  

  • Building and Protecting Your Online Presence → Reflect on your digital presence, think critically about privacy and surveillance, and explore how your online identity relates to your goals. 

  • Crafting a Successful Resume → Examine the relationship between your personal experiences and the skills you offer, identify jobs that match your interests and background, and create a resume that can be used for job applications.

  • Sharing Your Work Online — What License to Use? → Understand the basics of Copyright and Fair Use, experiment with parody as a form of Fair Use, and think critically about the licenses you want to use when publishing your creative works.

  • Creating the Change You Want → Identify a problem that affects your community and critically think about the change you would like to see, explore how social networks and various forms of media can raise awareness around the cause, and plan and outline your own advocacy campaign. 

 
Resources for parents and educators
cop guidelines2.jpg

Full report

Executive summary

Powerpoint presentation

Additional resources for parents, carers and educators

Broadband Commission 

Child Online Safety: Minimizing the Risk of Violence, Abuse and Exploitation Online, 2019

Seguridad de los niños en línea: Minimizando el riesgo de la violencia, el abuso y la explotación en línea, 2019

The new Child Online Safety report gathers the available evidence on the scale and nature of the risks and harms children face online and provides actionable recommendations for how to prioritize children’s online safety. 

 

 

Child Online Africa 

An introduction to Digital Literacy and skills, 2019

This book aims to facilitate and guide the delivery of the competencies required by learners in the 21st century. This book is intended to help access and improve the general conversation about digital literacy and citizenship.  

Council of Europe 

Internet Literacy Handbook, 2017

This Handbook offers that knowledge set using language that is straightforward and easy to digest. This is not a brand-new publication, but a constantly evolving set of handy tips on how to get to grips with nowadays’ ever-increasing flow of information. The contents of the Handbook are equally clearly laid out online, thanks also to the winning graphics, so that the sections can be presented to groups in classrooms or community centers. In this way, it can be used as a tool for training purposes, and for all age-groups.  

Parenting in the digital age: Parental guidance for the online protection of children from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, 2017

Parental guidance for the online protection of children from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse 

Digital Citizenship Education Handbook, 2019  

The online world does present challenges to democratic citizenship in a new context and this Digital citizenship education handbook is designed to help educators and other interested adults understand and deal with them. It builds on the Council of Europe’s Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture and the achievements of our longstanding Education for Democratic Citizenship programme and complements the Internet literacy handbook as part of a coherent approach to educating citizens for the society of the future.  

Digital citizenship...and your child - What every parent needs to know and do, 2019

The Council of Europe has created this guide to help:  
• better understand digital citizenship, and how it shapes online behavior 
• discuss digital citizenship with your children 
• take steps to help your children master the competences digital citizenship is built on 
• encourage your children’s school to play its role in educating competent young digital citizens. 

Website, 2018

Council of Europe webpage on children’s rights and the digital environment.  

Digital Citizenship Education Handbook, 2019

The online world does present challenges to democratic citizenship in a new context and this Digital citizenship education handbook is designed to help educators and other interested adults understand and deal with them. 

European Day on the Protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, 2017

A set of video tutorials as well as a booklet addressed to parents are available for viewing to provide information and advice in order to better understand the risks incurred by children 

 

 

deSHAME 

Young people's experiences of online sexual harassment - Executive Summary, 2017

Collaborative study by online abuse prevention advocates on young people’s experiences of online sexual harassment.  Important information to capture voices and beliefs of children and youth. 

 

DQInstitue 

 

Child Online Safety Index 2020

The 2020 Child Online Safety Index reports on a survey of child online safety across 30 countries. As well as showing areas of strength and weakness across the 30 countries this report also provides guidance on how to improve online safety for children.  

#DQEveryChild Covid19 Emergency Response Fund, 2020

The #DQEveryChild Covid19 provides information on how to support children with access to Child Digital Readiness Kit. This kit enables children to acquire Digital Citizenship skills during periods of school shutdown and increased unsupervised digital use. 

 

 

E-safety Commissioner  

Global online ​safety advice for parents and carers – COVID 19 pack​, 2020

Keeping children safe online during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Toolkit for Schools, 2020

The Toolkit is flexible in its design so that schools can tailor how they use it, based on the needs of their community. This means that no matter which school a student attends, or what stage the school is at in its online safety journey, they will have the tools to help keep safe online.  

eSafety developed the Toolkit in consultation with government and non-government education sector representatives across every state and territory. It was developed in response to the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse and the Education Council’s work program to address bullying and cyberbullying. 

Early Years booklet: Online safety for under 5s, 2020

This guide covers online safety issues for children from birth to 5 and includes a range of practical tips and advice on how to support and guide them to be safe online.  

Online safety education framework, 2019

The eSafety Commissioner developed a framework to guide future Australian school based online safety education initiatives and to help schools assess the quality of programs and approaches. This framework is based on research into existing best practice in online safety education, conducted in 2019 by Professor Kerryann Walsh, QUT, in consultation with the eSafety Commissioner.  

Digital parenting: National Survey, 2018

The report was the result of collaboration between eSafety in Australia, Netsafe in New Zealand and the Safer Internet Centre with the University of Plymouth in the United Kingdom (UK). It is part of an ongoing program of cross-agency online safety research. 

 

 

EU Insafe 

  

Better Internet for Kids Resources, 2019

Website from the Better Internet for Kids/Insafe Network of Safer Internet Centres across Europe. Information on local resources – searchable by language, age etc.   

 

SELMA Hacking Hate: The SELMA Toolkit, 2014-2020

SELMA (Social and Emotional Learning for Mutual Awareness) is a two-year project co-funded by the European Commission1 which aims to tackle the problem of online hate speech by promoting mutual awareness, tolerance, and respect.  

Resource Pack, 2014-2016

ENABLE (European Network Against Bullying in Learning and Leisure Environments) aims to tackle bullying in a holistic way, helping young people exercise their fundamental rights in the home, school, class and community (i.e. peer group). 

 

GSMA 

Internet safety Guidelines, 2017

The guides were created with child helplines and counsellors in mind – in particular those for whom internet safety issues are relatively new or counsellor guidance / training is still under development. They are deliberately and necessarily high level, in order to accommodate differing local contexts, but each guide provides a definition and some examples of the issue, options for discussion with the child or a parent / carer, practical and technical advice, as well as any ‘red flags’ that counsellors should look out for. 

 

ICMEC 

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network, When a Child Alleges Sexual Abuse by an Educator or other School Staff: An Educator's Guide to Appropriate Response and Support

Detailed information from the NCTSN on professional support of children who have experienced trauma and abuse. 

Education Portal: Lesson Resources and Links

Includes resources related to online safety, digital literacy and digital ethics for professionals delivering abuse prevention education to children. 

 

Education Portal: Curriculum Resources: Family Resources 

A collection of leading global resources addressing all forms of child abuse for parental awareness and prevention support. 

Education Portal: Global Hotline and Helpline Directory 

Includes cyber tip lines for multiple international reporting entities in addition to national abuse reporting helplines and other reporting pathways by country. 

 

Education Portal: Incident Response 

Global resource for appropriate institutional response to child protection concerns including peer-on-peer and adult on child.   

Education Portal: International & National Law

Provides applicable, country specific, child protection legislation in English with links to original language for youth serving organizations.

Online Safety Education. Online Safety Curriculum  

Resource page for development or revision of e-safety or Internet Safety Education (ISE) including digital literacy and citizenship skills from a ‘do no harm’ approach in line with organizational codes of conduct and online safety policies.

Education Portal: School Policies, 2015

Provides sample child protection policies for youth serving organizations and includes guidance for supplemental policies including acceptable use policies (AUPs). 

Education Portal: Curriculum Resources: Family Resources

Provides applicable, country specific, child protection legislation in English with links to original language for youth serving organizations. 

Education Portal: Support ​

Provides professionals information on trauma informed care, vicarious or secondary trauma, and lists supportive organizations for sexual abuse, non-recent sexual abuse and peer-on-peer sexual abuse and harmful sexual behaviour. 

Your Role as A Mandatory Reporter: Help Protect Children and Prevent Abuse 

Provides a one-page infographic summary of what youth serving professionals need to know if they suspect child abuse has occurred. 

 

Insafe 

Safer Internet Day - in your country

Safer Internet Day (SID) is celebrated around the world in February of each year, with Safer Internet Centers, SID Committees and other supporters in each of the countries coming together to plan and organize events. 

 

Internet Matters 

Website

Internet Matters is a not-for-profit organization that aims to empower parents and caregivers to keep children safe in the digital world by providing practical advice to help children manage the risks they may face online. 

Guides & Resources

A wide range of useful resources aimed at parents and carers to help their children to use the internet safely. (Includes guides for setting up parental controls, how apps work and interviews with world experts on a range of online safety issues). 

 

Love146

Sextortion in Schools:  Advice for Educators, 2017

Sample resource from Education Portal explains step-by-step the recommendations for responding to students being sextorted online. 

NCA/CEOP 

  

Thinkuknow Keeping your Child Safe Online, 2006

Parent, professional and youth-facing resources across six websites sponsored by UK government agency CEOP (Child Exploitation and Online Protection Command).   

 

Parent Zone 

  

Parent Info and National Crime Agency - Child Exploitation and Online Protection Command (NCA-CEOP) website, 2020 

Parent Info is a website for parents, covering all of the issues amplified by the internet. The free newsfeed function enables schools and family-focused organizations to host and share expert advice and information through their own websites. 

 

 

Parent Zone/Telenor 

Digiword, 2018 

Digiworld is a curriculum designed to help children, aged between 5 and 16, to develop the knowledge and skills they need to navigate the online world in a safer and more enjoyable way. 
Fun online quizzes, a library full of challenges and downloadable worksheets allow children to explore at their own pace and progress through different levels depending on their age, experience and ability. Certificates are awarded at each level to enable children to demonstrate their new understanding and to recognize their achievements. 
The supporting guides help parents, carers and teachers to play and learn alongside their children and to actively support them in developing their digital understanding and resilience. 

 

ProtectKidsOnline 

Parent Conversation Sheets and Tips (ProtectKidsOnline.CA), 2020 

Organized by topic, these one-page information sheets help parents address online concerns and abuse prevention awareness with their children. 

 

South West Grid for Learning / UK Safer Internet Centre 

ProjectEVOLVE, 2020

ProjectEVOLVE resources each of the 330 statements from UK Council for Internet Safety's (UKCIS) framework “Education for a Connected World” (see resource 48) with perspectives; research; activities; outcomes; supporting resources and professional development materials. 

 

UK Safer Internet Centre 

 

Social Media Guides, 2020

Find out more about the safety features available on the popular social media networks 

 

UKCIS 

Education for a connected world: A framework to equip children and young people for digital life, 2018

The framework maps out the skills and competences that children and young people need to have across 8 different areas of online safety from the age of 4-18. 

 

UNESCO 

A global framework of reference on Digital Literacy skills for indicators 4.4.2, 2018 

The objective of the Digital Literacy Global Framework (DLGF) project was to develop a methodology that can serve as the foundation for Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) thematic Indicator 4.4.2: “Percentage of youth/adults who have achieved at least a minimum level of proficiency in digital literacy skills”. 

 

UNICEF 

The United Nations: Convention on the Rights of the Child in Child Friendly Language, 1989 

Educators and Youth Serving Professionals - Policymaking 

Provides UNCRC language in simple English appropriate for children. 

 

UNICEF, End Violence Against Children, ITU, UNESCO, UNODC, WeProtect Global Alliance, WHO 

Technical Note Covid-19  and its implication for protecting children online,  2019 

This technical note sets out some of the key priorities and recommendations for all stakeholders on how to mitigate those risks and promote positive online experiences for children 

 

World Childhood Foundation USA  

Childhood USA and  the mobile application partners ’ Stewards of Children Prevention Toolkit 

The SOC App works by educating adults on how to protect children and includes videos, checklists, quizzes and links to relevant resources that users can quickly access. Users of the app will be able to find out facts about the sexual abuse of children, how to minimize the risks of sexual abuse, how to report sexual abuse and seek help when a disclosure has been made. 

Youth and Media, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Digital Citizenship+ (Plus) Resource Platform (DCPR) 

The Platform hosts an evolving collection of free and Creative Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0) licensed learning experiences, visualizations, and other educational resources for young people, parents and carers designed and maintained Youth and Media. Many of these learning resources are available in over 35 languages.

Youth and Digital Citizenship+ (Plus): Understanding Skills for a Digital World

This new report addresses questions such as: What types of skills young people should learn to meaningfully engage academically, socially, ethically, politically, and economically online? How can educators, parents and caregivers, governments, companies and other organizations embrace the opportunities to support young people in becoming digital citizens? How is the concept of digital citizenship similar to or different from other concepts, such as digital literacy, media literacy, new media literacies, 21st century skills, or digital competence? What are key considerations for learning spaces and meaningful youth engagement?


   

 

 
Resources for policy-makers
cop guidelines3.jpg

Full report

Executive summary

Additional resources for policy-makers

Australian eSafety Commissioner  

 

Safety by Design guide, 2018 

Safety by Design (SbD) is an initiative that places the safety and rights of users at the centre of the design, development and deployment of online products and services. 

 

Safety by Design principles, 2019 

Safety by Design (SbD) is an initiative which places the safety and rights of users at the centre of the design, development and deployment of online products and services. Led in Australia by eSafety, the initiative aims to encourage and assist industry to take a proactive and consistent approach to user safety.  

At its heart are the SbD Principles: a model template for industry of all sizes and stages of maturity, providing guidance as they incorporate, assess and enhance user safety. The Principles place user safety as a fundamental design consideration. 

 

Online safety education framework, 2019 

The eSafety Commissioner developed a framework to guide future Australian school based online safety education initiatives and to help schools assess the quality of programs and approaches. This framework is based on research into existing best practice in online safety education, conducted in 2019 by Professor Kerryann Walsh, QUT, in consultation with the eSafety Commissioner. 

 

Youth and digital dangers, 2018 

Data in this report is drawn from eSafety’s 2017 Youth Digital Participation Survey. The research examines how young people aged 8 to 17 deal with issues such as:  

  • managing their social media  

  • contact with strangers online  

  • sharing of personal information and passwords  

  • dealing with negative online experiences  

It also looks at how the negative experiences of young people compare to those of Australian adults.  

 

Better Internet for Kids 

Website,  2012 

The key vision behind the BIK core service platform is to create a better internet for children and young people. In more practical terms, it fosters – through the BIK core service platform – the exchange of knowledge, expertise, resources and best practices between key online safety stakeholders, including industry, in order to increase access to high-quality content for children and young people, step up awareness and empowerment, create a safe environment for children online, and fight against child sexual abuse and child sexual exploitation. 

 

Broadband Commission  

Child Online Safety: Minimizing the Risk of Violence, Abuse and Exploitation Online, 2019

Seguridad de los niños en línea: Minimizando el riesgo de la violencia, el abuso y la explotación en línea, 2019

This report aims to increase the prioritization of child online safety among all the key stakeholders 
and decision-makers from governments, the private sector, 
civil society, NGOs, and academia. 
Its recommendations are actionable and represent a call to collective action. They are based on the knowledge and expertise of major expert groups that have a long-standing commitment and experience in fighting various forms of violence against children online. 

 

Child Online Safety Universal Declaration, 2019

The Child Online Safety Universal Declaration is intended to affirm the signatories collective commitment to protect children as they access the Internet, and to work together to ensure that all stakeholders exercise their responsibility of educating children across all tiers and lifestyles for the digital future ahead of them. 

 

 

Child Dignity in the Digital World 

Technical Working Group Report,  2018 

This report examines the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery. It also highlights the need to acknowledge that some of the impediments to collaboration are more perceived than real, more the result of custom and practice than unsolvable. 

 

 

Child Helpline International 

Website, 2003 

The work of Child Helpline International is firmly grounded in the principle of United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), which highlights the children's rights to privacy and protection from harm. The stated mission of the Child Helpline International network is to provide a forum for information sharing and mutual support, assistance with advocacy and lobbying, promoting the rights of children and child helplines as a medium of assistance to children, and to support the initiation and development of child helplines in countries which do not have such services. 

 

CJCP & UNICEF 

Our Lives Online Use of social media by children and adolescents in East Asia - opportunities, risks and harms, 2020 

This study sought to capture the views and experiences of boys and girls in using social media in East Asia, with a focus on Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. It also captures the perspective of groups of children not usually covered in studies of this kind – lower income families, marginalized children, children with disabilities, street children and refugee children. 

 

Council of Europe

  

Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime (ETS No.189), Concerning the criminalization of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems, 2003

This Protocol entails an extension of the Cybercrime Convention’s scope, including its substantive, procedural and international cooperation provisions, so as to cover also offences of racist or xenophobic propaganda. Thus, apart from harmonizing the substantive law elements of such behavior, the Protocol aims at improving the ability of the Parties to make use of the means and avenues of international cooperation set out in the Convention (ETS No. 185) in this area. 

 

Convention on Cybercrime, 2001

The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security. It also contains a series of powers and procedures such as the search of computer networks and interception. 

Its main objective, set out in the preamble, is to pursue a common criminal policy aimed at the protection of society against cybercrime, especially by adopting appropriate legislation and fostering international co-operation. 

 

Report on child consultations – It’s Our World: Children’s Views on How to Protect their Rights in the Digital Environment, 2017

Children’s views on how to protect their rights in the digital environment. 

 

Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data, 1981

This convention is with regards to the automatic processing of personal data, as it will be amended by its Protocol CETS No. 223. 

 

Convention on Cybercrime, 2001

The Convention is the first international treaty on crimes committed via the Internet and other computer networks, dealing particularly with infringements of copyright, computer-related fraud, child pornography and violations of network security. It also contains a series of powers and procedures such as the search of computer networks and interception. 

Its main objective, set out in the preamble, is to pursue a common criminal policy aimed at the protection of society against cybercrime, especially by adopting appropriate legislation and fostering international co-operation. 

 

Website, 2018

Council of Europe webpage on children’s rights and the digital environment.   

Council of Europe (Forthcoming) Handbook for policymakers on the rights of the child in the digital environment. 

 

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1950

International convention to protect human rights and political freedoms in Europe. 

 

European Court of Human Rights: Factsheet on New Technologies, 2020

Factsheet about New technologies comprising of case laws on the following topics:  

  • Electronic data  

  • E-mail 

  • GPS (Global Positioning System) 

  • Internet 

  • Mobile Telephone applications  

  • Musical copyright  

  • Radio Communications  

  • Satellite dish 

  • Telecommunications  

  • Use of hidden cameras 

  • Video Surveillance 

Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, 2011

Directive 2011/93/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA. 

 

Lanzarote Committee: Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, 12 May 2017

Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Committee), Interpretative Opinion on the applicability of the Lanzarote Convention to sexual offences against children facilitated through the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) (adopted 12 May 2017). 

 

Lanzarote Committee: Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, 16 June 2016

Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Committee), Declaration on web addresses advertising child sexual abuse material or images or any other offences established in accordance with the Lanzarote Convention (adopted 16 June 2016). 

 

Lanzarote Committee: Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, 17 June 2015

Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Committee), Opinion on Article 23 of the Lanzarote Convention and its explanatory note – Solicitation of children for sexual purposes through information and communication technologies (Grooming) (adopted 17 June 2015). 

 

Lanzarote Committee: Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse, 6 June 2019

Committee of the Parties to the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Committee), Opinion on child sexually suggestive or explicit images and/or videos generated, shared and received by children (adopted 6 June 2019). 

 

Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, 2007

Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (Lanzarote Convention) (CETS No.201) 

 

Recommendation CM/Rec(2014)6 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on a Guide to human rights for Internet users, 2014

Recommendation CM/Rec(2014)6 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on a Guide to human rights for internet users. 

 

Recommendation CM/Rec(2016)2 of the Committee on Ministers to member States on the Internet of citizens, 2016 

Recommendation CM/Rec(2016)2 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the Internet of citizens. 

 

Recommendation CM/Rec(2018)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on Guidelines to respect, protect and fulfil the rights of the child in the digital environment, 2018

Recommendation CM/Rec(2018)7 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on Guidelines to respect, protect and fulfil the rights of the child in the digital environment. 

 

Recommendation CM/Rec(2019)10 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on developing and promoting digital citizenship education, 2019

Recommendation CM/Rec(2019)10 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on developing and promoting digital citizenship education. 

 

Resolution 2313(2019) on the role of education in the digital era: from "digital natives" to "digital citizens", 2019

Resolution 2313(2019) of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on the Role of education in the digital era: from “digital natives” to “digital citizens”. 

 

 

DQ Institute 

Child Online Safety Index 2020

The 2020 Child Online Safety Index reports on a survey of child online safety across 30 countries. As well as showing areas of strength and weakness across the 30 countries this report also provides guidance on how to improve online safety for children.  

#DQEveryChild Covid19 Emergency Response Fund, 2020

The #DQEveryChild Covid19 provides information on how to support children with access to Child Digital Readiness Kit. This kit enables children to acquire Digital Citizenship skills during periods of school shutdown and increased unsupervised digital use. 

EU Kids Online Network 

Comparative Report: Surveys from 18 countries, 2019

The new report, EU Kids Online 2020: Survey results from 19 countries, maps the risks and opportunities of the internet for children in Europe. Among many other findings, the survey shows that the time children now spend online varies between about two hours per day (Switzerland) and three-and-a-half hours (Norway). 

 

EUROPOL 

Internet Organized Crime Threat Assessment (IOCTA), 2019

This annual assessment of the cybercrime threat landscape highlights the persistence and tenacity of a number of key threats. In all areas, it shows how most of the main threats have been reported previously, albeit with variations in terms of volumes, targets and level of sophistication.  

 

Global Kids Online  

Comparative Report: Surveys from 18 countries, 2019

This report allows to enquire about children’s exposure to online risks and possible harms, and about the role of their parents as mediators and sources of support. In bringing children’s own voices and experiences to the centre of policy development, legislative reform and programme and service delivery, the report hopes to bring decisions that will serve children’s best interests. 

 

Global Partnership to End Violence against Children 

 

Child Online Safety call for action, 2019

This call to action is used to present the forms of online child sexual exploitation and abuse and their risks. It also call for a better protection of children online. 

 

Safe to Learn Call for Action, 2019

The Call to Action recognizes the range of contexts and varying needs to tackle school violence. It is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather to highlight some of the actions that need to be taken 

 

Disrupting Harm: evidence to understand online child sexual exploitation and abuse, 2019

Disrupting Harm is a large-scale data collection and research project to better understand online child sexual exploitation and abuse across the world. This study will assess the scale, nature and context of this issue in 14 countries across Southern and Eastern Africa and Southeast Asia. The research project includes ECPAT International, INTERPOL and the UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti. 

 

Two years of supporting solutions: results from the Fund’s investments, 2018

The Global Partnership includes governments, UN agencies, international organizations, civil society, faith groups, the private sector, philanthropic foundations, research practitioners, academics – and, most importantly, children themselves – uniting their voices, actions and resources in a unique public-private collaboration focused solely on ending violence against all children. This report details the Fund’s $30 million in grants over the past year, as well as what the grantee partners are achieving and learning as they work to build a safer world for children. 

Global Resource and Information Directory (GRID) 

Challenges and responses to child online safety, 2010

The Global Resource & Information Directory (GRID) is designed to create a single, factual data source for a wide array of stakeholders dedicated to making the Internet a safer and better place. By tracking and reporting the efforts of each country around the world, GRID provides an unparalleled opportunity to properly define online safety challenges, identify successes, and scope the work ahead. 

 

GSMA 

Internet safety Guidelines,2017 

The guides were created with child helplines and counsellors in mind – in particular those for whom internet safety issues are relatively new or counsellor guidance / training is still under development. They are deliberately and necessarily high level, in order to accommodate differing local contexts, but each guide provides a definition and some examples of the issue, options for discussion with the child or a parent / carer, practical and technical advice, as well as any ‘red flags’ that counsellors should look out for. 

 

Mobile Connectivity Index,  2018 

The GSMA Mobile Connectivity Index measures the performance of 165 countries – representing 99% of the global population – against key enablers of mobile internet adoption: infrastructure, affordability, consumer readiness, and content and services. This data can help all stakeholders understand where to focus action in order to drive increased mobile internet adoption with safety standards 

 

GSMA / INHOPE 

Hotlines: Responding to reports of illegal online content, 2016

This guide, developed in collaboration with INHOPE (the international umbrella organisation for national hotlines), details processes for setting up and managing a hotline, and is intended to support organisations in countries which do not yet have such a facility.

 

GSMA/UNICEF 

Notice and Takedown: Company policies and practices to remove online child sexual abuse material, 2016

This document, developed by UNICEF in partnership with the GSMA, provides insights to help companies establish policies and practices to support the prompt and effective removal of CSAM. In particular, it provides high-level guidance on: 

Establishing a dedicated function to investigate and take appropriate action against CSAM. 

Putting in place policies and operational procedures for acting on notices to take down CSAM after it is reported and investigated, including removal from access and circulation. 

Establishing policies and practices for staff training and welfare. 

Developing relationships and working with key stakeholders such as law enforcement and national hotlines. 

 

ICMEC 

 

Education Portal: International & National Law, 2015 

Provides applicable, country specific, child protection legislation in English with links to original language for youth serving organizations. 

 

Education Portal: School Policies, 2015

Provides sample child protection policies for youth serving organizations and includes guidance for supplemental policies including acceptable use policies (AUPs). 

 

International Conventions and Legal Instruments on of Rights of Child, 2017

Foundation of ‘rights-based’ child protection. 

 

Child Sexual Abuse Material: Model Legislation & Global Review, 2018

This groundbreaking report, often referred to as ICMEC’s Rule of Law project, analyzes child sexual abuse material (CSAM) legislation in 196 countries around the world, and offers a “menu” of concepts to be considered when drafting anti-CSAM legislation. First released in April 2006, the report is currently in its 9th edition. 

 

 

INHOPE 

Child Dignity in the Digital World, Child Dignity Alliance Technology Working Group Report, 2018

A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector. The report also highlights the need to acknowledge that some of the impediments to collaboration are more perceived than real, more the result of custom and practice than unsolvable. 

 

INHOPE Report, 2018

This report presents INHOPE’s mission, values and objectives. It also introduces their ICCAM platform which enables the secure exchange of illegal material portraying child sexual abuse between hotlines located in different jurisdictions. Finally, it sets out all the helplines that are part of the INHOPE network. 

 

INSAFE 

Safer Internet Day - in your country

Safer Internet Day (SID) is celebrated around the world in February of each year, with Safer Internet Centres, SID Committees and other supporters in each of the countries coming together to plan and organise events. 

 

ITU 

Global Cybersecurity Index, 2018

The report reviews the cybersecurity commitment and situation in all the ITU regions: Africa, Americas, Arab States, Asia-Pacific, CIS, and Europe, and puts countries with high commitment and recommendable practices in the spotlight. 

 

IWF 

Annual Report, 2020

The 2019  IWF Annual Report  (published 2020) provides the latest data and trends on what’s happening globally to tackle child sexual abuse images and videos online. 'Zero Tolerance' for new figures showing that 9 out of 10 webpages identified by the team of analysts, featuring images and videos of children suffering sexual abuse, rape and torture, are hosted on servers in Europe.

 

New York Times 

Article series on online CSEA, 2019-2020 

This article shows data representing the surge of in online videos of child sexual abuse on the world’s biggest technology platforms. It also points out that the data shows disparities in the tech industry when looking at the reports of images and videos. Furthermore, Facebook is presented as one of the few being able to aggressively look into those reports to then act accordingly. 

 

OECD 

OECD Digital Economy Papers, 1985-2020

The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) undertakes a wide range of activities to better understand how ICTs contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being. The OECD Digital Economy Papers series covers a broad range of ICT-related issues and makes selected studies available to a wider readership. They include policy reports, which are officially declassified by an OECD Committee, and occasional working papers, which are meant to share early knowledge. 

 

OHCHR  

Guidelines regarding the implementation of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, 2019

The Guidelines drawn up by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child place a particular focus on the specific new threats confronting children all across the world as a result of digital technologies such as the internet and social media. 

 

The United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner: Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989

Human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. 

 

The Economist Unit  

Out of the Shadows Index, 2019

Out of the Shadows: Shinning light in the response to child sexual abuse and exploitation from This 60-country benchmarking index examines how countries are responding to the threat of sexual violence against children. It explores the environment in which the issue occurs and is addressed; the degree to which a country’s legal framework provide protections for children from sexual violence; whether government commitment and capacity is being deployed to equip institutions and personnel to respond appropriately; and the engagement of industry, civil society and media in efforts to tackle the problem. 

 

Terminology and Semantics 

Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, 2016

The purpose of this document is to provide all individuals and agencies working for the prevention and elimination of all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children with guidance for the understanding and use of the different terms and concepts they may encounter in their work. 

 

 

UK Council for Internet Safety 

Digital Resilience Framework, 2019

The Digital Resilience Framework is a practical, easy-to-use document to help organizations to assess whether different types of environments, content, online services and policies support, or hinder, digital resilience. 

 

 

UN 

Sustainable Development Goals Framework, 2015

The purpose of the framework would therefore be to establish a new global consensus and commitment to achieve this vision and set out the roadmap regarding how its objectives will be reached. The framework must enable people to hold world leaders to account for the changes they have committed to. 

 

UNESCO 

Behind the numbers: Ending school violence and bullying, 2019 

This UNESCO publication provides an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of global and regional prevalence and trends related to school-related violence and examines the nature and impact of school violence and bullying, including data on online hurtful behaviour. It reviews national responses, focusing on countries that have seen positive trends in prevalence and identifies factors that have contributed to an effective response to school violence and bullying. 

 

 

UNICEF 

One in Three: Internet Governance and Children’s Rights, 2016

This paper argues that Internet governance bodies give little consideration to children’s rights, despite growing calls from international child rights organizations to address their rights in the digital age. 

 

The United Nations: Convention on the Rights of the Child in Child Friendly Language, 1989

Provides UNCRC language in simple English appropriate for children. 

 

Children in a Digital World, 2017

This paper argues that Internet governance bodies give little consideration to children’s rights, despite growing calls from international child rights organizations to address their rights in the digital age. 

 

The sale and sexual exploitation of children in the context of digital technology, 2020

This report sets out the role of technology and the internet as key enablers of sale and  sexual exploitation for children. It also gives advices on how to build a clear and improved legislation for the various risks and challenges related to the sale and exploitation of children. 

UNICEF, End Violence Against Children, ITU, UNESCO, UNODC, WeProtect Global Alliance, WHO 

Technical Note Covid-19  and its implication for protecting children online,  2019

This technical note sets out some of the key priorities and recommendations for all stakeholders on how to mitigate those risks and promote positive online experiences for children 

 

WePROTECT Global Alliance

Global Threat Assessment (GTA) 2018 and 2019

The 2019 report has been commissioned with the assistance and expertise of the WePROTECT Global Alliance board members and sets out to build on the wide-reaching success and impact of GTA18.  Its purpose is to demonstrate the nature, scale and complexity of OCSE in order to support a broad mobilisation – compelling nation states, the global technology industry and the third sector to find new ways of working together to combat this rapidly evolving threat. 

 

A Global Strategic Response (GSR),to Online Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, 2019

The Global Strategic Response has six pillars, stressing the importance of collaboration, holistic policymaking, and placing the victim of CSEA at the centre.  

1. policy and legislation 

2. criminal justice 

3. victim support and empowerment  

4. technology  

5. Societal change   

6. research and insight 

 

Preventing and Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (CSEA): A Model National Response, 2016

The WePROTECT Model National Response provides guidance and support to countries and organisations to help them build their response to online child sexual exploitation OCSE.  

This Model helps to:  

  • Enable a country to assess its current response and identify gaps 

  • Prioritise national efforts to fill gaps 

  • Enhance international understanding and cooperation.  

The Model builds on many years of work by experts and practitioners and it builds on the existing international framework; for action to prevent and tackle CSEA. 

 

Rights Foundation  

Digital Childhood, development milestones in digital environment, 2017

This Digital Childhood paper considers how growing up in the digital environment directly impacts on a child’s development trajectory. It concludes that a managed route from infancy to adulthood is as important in the digital environment as it is in the analogue world. 

Youth and Media, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Digital Citizenship+ (Plus) Resource Platform (DCPR) 

The Platform hosts an evolving collection of free and Creative Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0) licensed learning experiences, visualizations, and other educational resources designed and maintained by us. A large number of resources, in format resembling a school lesson, have been designed for schools and other formal learning spaces. Many of these learning resources are available in over 35 languages.

Youth and Digital Citizenship+ (Plus): Understanding Skills for a Digital World

This new report addresses questions such as: What types of skills young people should learn to meaningfully engage academically, socially, ethically, politically, and economically online? How can educators, parents and caregivers, governments, companies and other organizations embrace the opportunities to support young people in becoming digital citizens? How is the concept of digital citizenship similar to or different from other concepts, such as digital literacy, media literacy, new media literacies, 21st century skills, or digital competence? What are key considerations for learning spaces and meaningful youth engagement?

Youth and Artificial Intelligence: Where We Stand

This paper highlights initial learnings and exploratory questions around the ways youth may interact with and be impacted by AI technologies, in fields such as education, privacy and safety, and the future of work. The paper is meant to inform different stakeholders, including policymakers, to ask the right questions and encourage all of us to further discuss how youth can be empowered to meaningfully engage with AI systems to promote learning, creative expression, and well-being, while also addressing key challenges and concerns.

AI Innovators Should Be Listening to Kids

This article highlights the importance of proactively engaging youth in conversations around AI-powered technologies, and including youth as key stakeholders in the policymaking process surrounding AI systems. 

Youth and Cyberbullying: Another Look

In this paper, the “Governments” section showcases various initiatives policymakers around the world are engaged in to prevent and reduce online bullying, and describes the importance of youth involvement in policy making. 

 

 
Resources for industry
cop guidelines5a.jpg

Full report

Executive summary

Additional resources for industry

Broadband Commission 

Child Online Safety: Minimising the Risk of Violence, Abuse and Exploitation Online, 2019 

Seguridad de los niños en línea: Minimizando el riesgo de la violencia, el abuso y la explotación en línea, 2019

This report aims to increase the prioritization of child online safety among all the key stakeholders 
and decision-makers from governments, the private sector, civil society, NGOs, and academia. 
Its recommendations are actionable and represent a call to collective action. They are based on the knowledge and expertise of major expert groups that have a long-standing commitment and experience in fighting various forms of violence against children online. 

 

Child Online Safety Universal Declaration, 2019

The Child Online Safety Universal Declaration is intended to affirm the signatories collective commitment to protect children as they access the Internet, and to work together to ensure that all stakeholders exercise their responsibility of educating children across all tiers and lifestyles for the digital future ahead of them. 

 

 

Council of Europe 

Digital Citizenship Education Handbook, 2019

The online world does present challenges to democratic citizenship in a new context and this Digital citizenship education handbook is designed to help educators and other interested adults understand and deal with them. It builds on the Council of Europe’s Reference Framework of Competences for Democratic Culture and the achievements of our longstanding Education for Democratic Citizenship programme, and complements the Internet literacy handbook as part of a coherent approach to educating citizens for the society of the future. 

 

Two Clicks Forward and One Click Back,  2019

Report on children with disabilities in the digital environment. 

 

Website, 2018

Council of Europe webpage on children’s rights and the digital environment. 

 

 

DQ Institute 

Child Online Safety Index 2020

The 2020 Child Online Safety Index reports on a survey of child online safety across 30 countries. As well as showing areas of strength and weakness across the 30 countries this report also provides guidance on how to improve online safety for children.  

 

#DQEveryChild Covid19 Emergency Response Fund

The #DQEveryChild Covid19 provides information on how to support children with access to Child Digital Readiness Kit. This kit enables children to acquire Digital Citizenship skills during periods of school shutdown and increased unsupervised digital use. 

 

 

The Economist Unit  

Out of the Shadows Index, 2019

Out of the Shadows: Shinning light in the response to child sexual abuse and exploitation from This 60-country benchmarking index examines how countries are responding to the threat of sexual violence against children. It explores the environment in which the issue occurs and is addressed; the degree to which a country’s legal framework provide protections for children from sexual violence; whether government commitment and capacity is being deployed to equip institutions and personnel to respond appropriately; and the engagement of industry, civil society and media in efforts to tackle the problem. 

 

 

Global Partnership to End Violence against Children 

Child Online Safety call for action, 2019

This call to action is used to present the forms of online child sexual exploitation and abuse and their risks. It also call for a better protection of children online. 

 

Safe to Learn Call for Action, 2019

The Call to Action recognizes the range of contexts and varying needs to tackle school violence. It is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather to highlight some of the actions that need to be taken. 

 

Disrupting Harm: evidence to understand online child sexual exploitation and abuse, 2019

Disrupting Harm is a large-scale data collection and research project to better understand online child sexual exploitation and abuse across the world. This study will assess the scale, nature and context of this issue in 14 countries across Southern and Eastern Africa and Southeast Asia. The research project includes ECPAT International, INTERPOL and the UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti. 

 

Two years of supporting solutions: results from the Fund’s investments, 2018

The Global Partnership includes governments, UN agencies, international organizations, civil society, faith groups, the private sector, philanthropic foundations, research practitioners, academics – and, most importantly, children themselves – uniting their voices, actions and resources in a unique public-private collaboration focused solely on ending violence against all children. This report details the Fund’s $30 million in grants over the past year, as well as what the grantee partners are achieving and learning as they work to build a safer world for children. 

 

GSMA 

Mobile Connectivity Index, 2018

The GSMA Mobile Connectivity Index measures the performance of 165 countries – representing 99% of the global population – against key enablers of mobile internet adoption: infrastructure, affordability, consumer readiness, and content and services. This data can help all stakeholders understand where to focus action in order to drive increased mobile internet adoption with safety standards 

 

 

GSMA/ INHOPE 

Hotlines: Responding to reports of illegal online content, 2016

This guide, developed in collaboration with INHOPE (the international umbrella organisation for national hotlines), details processes for setting up and managing a hotline, and is intended to support organisations in countries which do not yet have such a facility. 

 

 

GSMA/UNICEF 

Notice and Takedown: Company policies and practices to remove online child sexual abuse material

This document, developed by UNICEF in partnership with the GSMA, provides insights to help industries establish policies and practices to support the prompt and effective removal of CSAM. In particular, it provides high-level guidance on: 

  • Establishing a dedicated function to investigate and take appropriate action against CSAM. 

  • Putting in place policies and operational procedures for acting on notices to take down CSAM after it is reported and investigated, including removal from access and circulation. 

  • Establishing policies and practices for staff training and welfare. 

  • Developing relationships and working with key stakeholders such as law enforcement and national hotlines. 

 

 

OFCOM UK  

 

Advice for consumers of TV, radio, and on-demand, 2020 

There may be unsuitable content on the internet and the television that you don’t want your child to see. But you can take steps to protect your children from the potential dangers and this guide explains how to do that. 

 

Parental Controls for Mobile Phones, 2020 

This guide explains more about mobile internet safety and shows you how to find information to keep your children safe online. 

 

Parental Controls for Games Consoles, 2020 

Online gaming is popular among children, though there are also potential harms to it, and different devices have different parental controls.  

This guide will show you how to find information to help keep children safe online, including on games consoles, tablets and other smart devices.  

 

UK Council for Internet Safety 

Digital Resilience Framework, 2019

The Digital Resilience Framework is a practical, easy-to-use document to help organizations to assess whether different types of environments, content, online services and policies support, or hinder, digital resilience. 

 

 

UNICEF, End Violence Against Children, ITU, UNESCO, UNODC, WeProtect Global Alliance, WHO 

Technical Note Covid-19  and its implication for protecting children online, 2019 

This technical note sets out some of the key priorities and recommendations for all stakeholders on how to mitigate those risks and promote positive online experiences for children. 

 

WePROTECT Global Alliance

Global Threat Assessment (GTA) 2018 and 2019 

The 2019 report has been commissioned with the assistance and expertise of the WePROTECT Global Alliance board members and sets out to build on the wide-reaching success and impact of GTA18.  Its purpose is to demonstrate the nature, scale and complexity of OCSE in order to support a broad mobilisation – compelling nation states, the global technology industry and the third sector to find new ways of working together to combat this rapidly evolving threat. 

A Global Strategic Response (GSR),to Online Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, 2019

The Global Strategic Response has six pillars, stressing the importance of collaboration, holistic policymaking, and placing the victim of CSEA at the centre.  

1. policy and legislation 

2. criminal justice 

3. victim support and empowerment  

4. technology  

5. Societal change   

6. research and insight 

 

Preventing and Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (CSEA): A Model National Response, 2016

The WePROTECT Model National Response provides guidance and support to countries and organisations to help them build their response to online child sexual exploitation OCSE.  

This Model helps to:  

  1. Enable a country to assess its current response and identify gaps 

  1. Prioritise national efforts to fill gaps 

  1.  Enhance international understanding and cooperation.  

The Model builds on many years of work by experts and practitioners and it builds on the existing international framework; for action to prevent and tackle CSEA. 

Youth and Media, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society

Digital Citizenship+ (Plus) Resource Platform (DCPR) 

The Platform hosts an evolving collection of free and Creative Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0) licensed learning experiences, visualizations, and other educational resources for young people designed and maintained Youth and Media. Many of these learning resources are available in over 35 languages.

Youth and Digital Citizenship+ (Plus): Understanding Skills for a Digital World

This new report addresses questions such as: What types of skills young people should learn to meaningfully engage academically, socially, ethically, politically, and economically online? How can educators, parents and caregivers, governments, companies and other organizations embrace the opportunities to support young people in becoming digital citizens? How is the concept of digital citizenship similar to or different from other concepts, such as digital literacy, media literacy, new media literacies, 21st century skills, or digital competence? What are key considerations for learning spaces and meaningful youth engagement?

Youth and Cyberbullying: Another Look

In this paper, the “Companies” section explores how different Internet companies are addressing online bullying, and what additional steps companies may take to prevent and mitigate bullying. 

 

Child Online Protection, an ITU initiative

Contact us at cop@itu.int

or visit the ITU website: itu.int/cop

© ITU 2020 
All Rights Reserved

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Place des Nations, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland